Auto racing is a sport where drivers at the wheel of cars compete in races regulated in different forms and categories of circuit , on road or track. The racing includes many disciplines and events missed. The most prestigious category of circuit is undoubtedly make t shirts the Formula 1 ski accessories , which runs in cars , but there are many other categories. Among the best known include the NASCAR and the IndyCar (with the legendary event of the Indianapolis 500 ) the United States or the test of endurance no less legendary 24 Hours of Le Mans in France. On roads and tracks, there is the World Rally Championship (with the famous test of Monte Carlo car rally , founded in 1911), but also tests rally , the best known is the Dakar Rally . Apart from gear designed exclusively for racing there are various categories of passenger cars or touring. Several federations international and national managing the many races that are divided into categories and formulas depending on the type of automobile, power and the type of engine , the land on which the race is played and, in some cases the people involved ( age, level, weight, sex).
Race Formula 1 at Indianapolis in 2003 Summary [ hide ] 1 History 2 Proofs of the most prestigious 3 The main formulas 3.1 Circuit 3.2 Rally 3.3 Acceleration 4 Federations 5 Notes and references 6 Appendices 6.1 Related History
The first trials held in France over the parade as the actual race, between Neuilly-sur-Seine and Versailles (since 1887 ) one or hiking like that organized by the Paris daily Le Petit Journal between Paris and Rouen in 1894 2 : 102 competitors have registered, only 32 appear at the start. Count Jules-Albert de Dion needed a De Dion-Bouton (first prize for this hike was going according to the rules, reward the vehicle that was to be “safe, easy to handle and use inexpensive” ). The following year, the first real racing is organized: this Paris- Bordeaux -Paris. 21 (or 22, depending on the source) initially for nine vehicles on arrival. Émile Levassor finished the first test on June 15 on a Panhard in 48 hours and 48 minutes, but he was out of competition because his car was a two electronic cigarette places when the regulations required a minimum of four seats with as many passengers as seats. It was a Peugeot driven by Paul Koechlin who won in 59 hours 48 minutes. In October 1896 , Paris- Marseille -Paris is on the agenda, engagement rings and fashion-city raids emerged as the martial arts denver standard format of racing. The death of Emile Levassor in this test does not question this principle. From the 7 September 1896 , however, a first motor racing circuit takes place on the United States (Rhode Island State Fair). In 1900 , James Gordon Bennett Junior , great provider of various sports trophies, founded a challenge for racing: the Gordon Bennett Cup car . The resolution of this challenge is established by the Automobile Club de France , founded in 1895 and provides the international nature of the event. Thus, the challenge provides that the test will take place in the country of the winner of the previous year. This is the nationality of the car manufacturer that counts, not the driver. The first edition ( 1900 ) is run between Paris and Lyon , and see the victory of the pilot French Henri Fournier on Mors . In 1902 , the British Edge is right; Edition 1903 will take place in Northern Ireland . Germany (1904), followed by France (1905) hold the following editions following the victories of their automobiles. The formula for the Gordon Bennett Cup quickly reaches its limits because it imposes presets. French manufacturers, many, however, manage ziPhone to repeal the limit of three cars per country. The name “Gordon Bennett” is abandoned, replaced by the “Cup of the ACF.” Following the numerous accidents that marked the Paris-Madrid race in 1903 , the ACF and the civil authorities require the holding of the race track. Le Mans applied for membership, and the city that gave birth to Storage Bins the first car sold ( Amedee Bollee ) receives the first Grand Prix of France in 1906 on a circuit of 103.16 km . Unlike races from city to city, all traffic is prohibited on this cambodia travel road sector. To work around some villages, the organizers set up deviations in wood. In addition, tarring “hot” circuit, but on some parts, these studies are disappointing. These studies are very expensive, and the financial statement of the Grand Prix is catastrophic. It relocates and editions 1907 and 1908 on the small circuit Dieppe , much website hosting less expensive. British, Belgians and Germans are also establishing annual competitions more or less comparable to the Grand Prix de France, forming the foundations of a true timeline of events. Large raids originate denver personal injury lawyer in 1907. The Paris daily Le Matin and supports the first of them: the Peking to Paris . In the U.S. , the first edition of the Indianapolis 500 takes place in 1911 . That same year, the Rallye Automobile Monte-Carlo was born. The 24 Hours of Le Mans , endurance reference, are held for the first time in 1923 . The most prestigious events
The trials for over 80 years the drivers and constructors of different disciplines particularly dream of winning are: The Monaco Grand Prix ( Formula 1 ) The Indianapolis 500 ( IndyCar ) The Le Mans 24 Hours ( Sport-Prototypes ) The Monte Carlo Rally ( Rally ) The Daytona 500 ( NASCAR ) The Dakar Rally ( rally ) The main formulas
Circuit Asphalt track: Cars : Karting Formula France Formula Renault Formula Abarth Star Mazda Series Formula Ford Formula BMW World Series by Renault Form 3 Form 2 GP3 Series Auto GP Form 3000 (completed in 2005 → GP2) GP2 Series Formula 1 GP Masters A1 Grand Prix Atlantic Championship Superleague Formula Champcar World Series (formerly CART ) IRL: IndyCar Series IRL: Indy Lights Sport-Prototypes (races of endurance ): Le Mans Prototype Le Mans Series (LMS) American Le Mans Series (ALMS) Japan Le Mans Challenge Grand-Am Touring : FIA GT Super GT (formerly JGTC in Japan) Le Mans Series (LMS) (race of endurance ) American Le Mans Series (ALMS) (race of endurance ) Tourism : DTM BTCC NASCAR Supertourisme V8 Supercars Australia WTCC BTCS FFSA Silhouette Land and snow: Earth : Autocross Sprint car (FFSA) or cross Kart (UFOLEP) Off-road endurance Rallycross Fol’Car Snow : Nutrisystem discount codes Andros Trophy Rally Cars and prototypes on roads and paths : Slalom Hill Climb Rally (comprising various international competitions such as the WRC , the IRC , etc.). Rally Rallycross Endurance road category: annual gathering six endurance events in France Championship endurance FFSA and Baja French. Acceleration Prototypes Short Track : Dragster Federations
Formula Renault Jump to: navigation , search
A Brazilian Formula Renault payday loan Championship
Renault F4R FRS (2006), 4 cylinder, 16 valve (Renault Clio RS 1 998 cm ³ ) The Formula Renault is a class of racing car-type car. Founded in Europe in 1971, it is a discipline for access to motor sport, as this area has many drivers directly from the karting . In Formula Renault, it generally refers to the Formula Renault 2 electric cigarette liters, which comes in many national championships as well as a European league called Formula Renault 2.0 Eurocup , that compete alongside the various national championships. Formula Renault 2 liters should not be confused with the Formula Renault 3.5-liter , which is the basis for discipline Queen of the World Series by Renault (by abuse of language, World Series by Renault is also often synonymous with Formula Renault 3.5 Series). Antechamber of the real Formula 1 , Formula Renault opened the door of this competition How to lose weight for many drivers and include Jacques Laffite , Patrick Tambay , Rene Arnoux , Alain Prost , Olivier Panis , Pedro de la Rosa , François Hesnault , Christian Danner , Stephane Sarrazin , Kimi Raikkonen , Felipe Massa , Lewis Hamilton , Kamui Kobayashi . Summary [ hide ] A 2.0-liter Formula Renault 1.1 See also 2 -liter Formula Renault 3.5 2.1 Winners 3 See also Formula Renault 2.0 liter
See also Championnat de France Formula Renault (1971 to 2009) Championship Formula Renault Europe (1975 to 1977) Eurocup Formula Renault 2.0 (since 1991)
Championship of Great Britain Formula Renault (since 1989) German Championship Formula Renault (1991 to 2005) Italian Championship Formula Renault (2000 to 2010)
Formula Renault 2.0 Northern European Cup (since 2006) Formula Renault 2.0 ALPS (since 2011) Formula Renault 3.5 liter
The first championship Formula Renault 3.5-liter is the Eurocup Formula Renault V6 created by Renault to join the Eurosport Super Racing Weekends which contains the ETCC and FIA GT Championship . This series operating Tatuus – Renault V4Y RS 3.5 L have known that two years of existence in 2003 and 2004. In 2005 appear the World Series by Renault after merging the
Formula France Jump to: navigation , search The name Formula France designates two types of racing . Summary [ hide ] 1 Formule France (1968-1970) 2 Formula France (1998-2007) 2.1 Technical 2.2 The different versions 2.3 The various circuits over which it has evolved in the race 2.4 Competitions 2.5 Awards 3 Milestones Formula France (1968-1970)
The first Formula France was a single-seater championship server monitoring French , created in 1968 for a series of access to the car before the Formula 3 . The cars were equipped with the engine of Renault 8 Gordini 1300 cc 105 hp. The tires were Michelin special soft compound AX FF. In 1971, the engine is replaced by the Renault 16 and the championship was taken by the Régie Renault , who renamed Formula Renault , including organizing the championship of France of this series . Formula France (1998-2007)
The Formula France also means race cars, designed and manufactured by the company since 1998 in exess Lohéac ( Ille-et-Vilaine ). France is a Formula car simple, efficient and accessible, promoting feelings of control. It consists of a tubular chassis extremely safe, a polyester fiber bodywork and a motorcycle engine ( Suzuki Hayabusa ). It’s an amazing performance car with a power / weight ratio of more than 180 horses to 580 kg! Technical Dimensions: length = 3.70 m / width = 1.75 m / 2.22 m wheelbase = / weight = 580 kg. Engine: 4 cylinder in-line / 1,300 cc rear transverse position / 2 ACT 16-valve / maximum power = 180 hp at 10 900 rev / min / weight / power ratio = 2.9 kg / hp. Speed: 225 km / h (0 to 100 km / h in 4.1 “). Transmission: by chain to the rear wheels without incremental / sequential gearbox 6-speed + reverse. Brakes: Front ventilated disc 2 (diameter = 260 mm) / 2 at the rear solid discs (diameter = 240 mm). The different versions Between 1998 and 2004, Formula France experienced four models: Formule France “cut” in 1998 (Ford Puma body). Formule France “4×4″ (Earth for rallycross and ice for the Trophée Andros ). Formule France “tray” in 2000. Formule France “Coupe evolution” in 2004. Circuit boards on which it has evolved in the race 2007 Poland Poznan, Kielce. 2005 and 2006 Senegal Dakar. 2004 France Nogaro, Ales, Pau (city), Val de Vienne , Dijon, Magny-Cours. Belgium Spa-Francorchamps. Spain Barcelona. 2003 France Nogaro, Val de Vienne , Lédenon , Pau (city), Magny-Cours, Albi, Dijon. Belgium Spa-Francorchamps. 2002 France Magny-Cours, Charade , Le Mans, Nogaro, Dijon, Val de Vienne , Pau (city). Spain Barcelona, Valencia. 2001 France Nogaro, Lédenon , Magny-Cours, Val de Vienne , Albi, Le Mans, Pau (city). Spain Jarama. Portugal Estoril. Italy Monza. Competitions Poland Polish Championship Formula X Sport in 2007. France Championnat de France Formula France FFSA 1998 to 2004. France Coupe de France Formule France FFSA 1998 to 2004. European Union European Championship Formula France in 2001 and 2002. Awards World Record acceleration (category less than 1 300 cm ³) 0 to 100 km / h in 4.1 ”
Year Competition Category Driver winner Car 2004 France Championnat de France FFSA Seniors Mike Parisy Formula France Tray 2003 France Championnat de France FFSA Seniors Jeremy Toti Formula France Tray 2002 European Union European Championship Seniors Victor Porter Formula France Tray 2001 European Union European Championship Seniors Patrice New Formula France Tray
Year Competition Category Driver winner Car 2003 France Championnat de France FFSA Juniors Thomas Cordelier Formula Cut France 2002 France Championnat de France auto transport FFSA Juniors Julien Gilbert Formula Cut France 2001 France Championnat de France FFSA Juniors Patrick Pilet Formula Cut France 2000 France Championnat de France FFSA Juniors Emmanuel Orgeval Formula STD Testing Cut France 1999 France Championnat de France FFSA Juniors Jean-Philippe Dayraut Formula Cut France 1998 France Championnat de France FFSA Juniors Arnaud Gomez Formula Cut France
Year Competition Category Driver winner Car 2004 France Coupe de France FFSA Seniors Adrien Paviot Cut FF evolution 2004 2003 France Coupe de France FFSA Seniors Bruno Dubreuil Formula Cut France 2002 France Coupe de France FFSA Seniors Victor Porta Formula Cut France 2001 France Coupe de France FFSA Seniors Alain Gqunot Formula Cut Bankruptcy France 2000 France Coupe de France FFSA Seniors Franck Pelloux Formula Cut France 1999 France Coupe de France FFSA Seniors Gerard Bacle Formula Cut France 1998 France Coupe de France FFSA Seniors Sylvain Noël Formula Cut France Milestones
Opening of the Grand Prix Formula 1 at Magny-Cours (1997-2002). Opening 24 Hours of Le Mans in 2001 and 2002. Opening of the Grand Prix Formula 3000 in Pau City in 1997.
World Series by Nissan and the Eurocup Formula Renault V6. This series wedding ring is played in Europe and uses Dallara – Renault . The Formula V6 Asia was founded in 2006 and ends in 2009. It takes place on the Asian continent during the weekend of the Asian Festival of Speed (which also includes the FIA Asian Touring Car Series , the Formula BMW Asia Series and Porsche Carrera Cup Asia Series ). It will be renamed Formula V6 Asia next season. It operates the same Tatuus – Renault V4Y RS 3.5 L as the Eurocup Formula Renault V6. Michelin has always been the sole supplier of tires.
Karting Jump to: navigation , search The kart is a discipline of motor sport , which takes place on circuits of 700 to 1500 meters and a width of 8 meters on average for up to forty karts simultaneously during a race. The karts are small cars cars with four wheels, equipped with an engine of small displacement (usually two stages of 100 or 125 cc ) chiropractic marketing which can grow to over 40 horses, weighing less than 175 kg with driver , which makes gear running high performance. The karts 100 and 125 cm ³ no gearbox developed from 15 to about 35 horses. The kart 125 cc with gearbox can reach 185 km / h on long circuit (type Carole ) 1 and make the 0 to 100 km / h in just over 3 seconds. The 250 cc , also called Superkart, high-performance cars are generally evolving on racing circuits. 0 to 100 km / h is shot in less than 3 seconds with a top speed of 250 km / h 2 . These are coaches, have tires and a larger rear spoiler. The chassis karting have no suspension and differential , braking is provided by a disc brake mounted on the rear axle. Accept certain classes the front brakes (small disc brakes mounted on the front hubs sometimes activated by a handle at the wheel). The practice of the kart is on three levels: leasing, entertainment (with its own equipment) or competition (restricted to licensed racing official, individual speed or endurance). The vast majority of karts operating in the formulas for promotion now has an electric starter and a clutch. At the international level and since 1 st January 2007, a new CIK-FIA changed the engine until the scrabble word finder main categories in engagement ring 100 cc Shift (FA – ICA) in 125 cc starter, clutch and electronic limiter system.
Kart-speed KZ1 European Championship 2008 Summary [ hide ] 1 History of karting 2 The practice of karting 2.1 Rental Karting 2.2 Karting competition Three categories in France  3.1 Categories clutch and starter 3.1.1 Minikart 3.1.2 Minimal / Cadet 3.1.3 KFS KFS 100 and Young 3.1.4 KFS 125 3.1.5 National 3.1.6 Rotax Max 3.1.7 Challenge X30 3.1.8 KF3 3.1.9 KF2 01/03/10 Super KF and KF1 3.2 Categories gearbox 3.2.1 KZ125 3.2.2 KZ1 and KZ2 3.2.3 Superkart 3.3 Missing Categories 3.3.1 N100 3.3.2 PARAKART 4 Circuits 5 Data Acquisition 6 settings 7 Notes and references 8 Appendices 8.1 Related article 8.2 External Links History of karting
A race kart to Berlin in 1963 The first kart engine was built in 1956 3 by Art Ingels in California with an engine of recovery (a lawn mower) 2-stroke of the West Bend Company , a company based in West Bend , Wisconsin (1911 -2003). Karting is growing rapidly in North America with manufacturers like Go Kart Manufacturing Co. (1958) and McCulloch engines for (1959). McCulloch was a manufacturer of chain auto insurance rates saws and outboard motors. Its first engine for karting, the MC-10, was none other than a chainsaw engine adapted. In October 1959 held in Paris Boat Show in the side to which the Motor Show was presented to the Grand Palais . The representative of International McCulloch (an American named Burton Reinfrank) 4 had the idea to present a frame Go Kart Manufacturing equipped engine McCulloch on their stand Wire Cart Covers the Boat Show, the middle of outboard motors. This presentation was a great success and was the subject of reports in the French automotive press. Thus, the karting made his entry into France and Europe. Upon his arrival in France during the years 1960 , karting is experiencing a rapid and increasing popularity. The year 1970 saw a significant technical development of engines and chassis (especially thanks to Italian manufacturers) and future champions are beginning to emerge of karting, including Alain Prost , Riccardo Patrese , Nelson Piquet and Ayrton Senna . Since then, the practice of karting has been structured and has become an almost obligatory for anyone wishing to become a racing driver, with the exception of Russian driver Vitaly Petrov , all drivers entered mining australia today in F1 went through karting. The practice of karting
France now has about 15,000 licensed under the aegis of the FFSA spread over 214 clubs and 18 regional committees. This sport-leisure has over 500 professional actors (manufacturers, importers, retailers, processors, renters, owners of tracks, etc.).. In France, more than 4 million people are already mounted in a kart. There are over 350 tracks including 280 approved by the FFSA. Also in France, it is also possible to practice karting in the UFOLEP 5 with more than 3,000 laid off after only four years old. This practice is meant to be “leisure”, but a regulated framework allows the organization of races known as “friendly.” The aim is to facilitate access to the practice of karting including through affordable licensing, regulation simplified and reduced categories. Rental karting
A go-kart track indoor The rental karting is practiced around the world, from simple session “ticket” (10 to 15 min ) in the organization of friendly challenges of speed and endurance, often driving karts recognizable by protecting a body kit driver and equipment and ensuring a good level of security. Generally they are karts Honda 4-stroke engines of 270 cc ( 9 ch – in indoor or outdoor) or 390 cc ( 14 hp – only on the outer tracks) or twin-engine. These karts are already successful and ensure a good feeling. For more sophisticated, it is possible to rent some tracks kart 2-stroke equipped engines Formula FFSA (only in France, 100 cc , 17 to 20 hp) Rotax Junior ( 125cc , 22 hp ) or even Rotax Max ( 125 cc , 29 hp ). In France, you can practice karting rent in all regions of more than 300 dedicated tracks. Since 2006, there is a Coupe de France called “Leisure” organized by the FFSA, stepping stone between renting and competition, with over 200 qualified leads from 150 Medifast coupon hex. The best of them win races “turnkey” Formula FFSA. In Belgium, there is a 4-stroke championship “Belkart” tracks on various indoor and outdoor . Since 2009, an international ranking of 4-stroke has been launched by Sodikart the Sodi W Series 6 . Grouping of circuits around the world and open to all from 15 years old, this classification “leisure” should see substantial growth in the years to come. Kart racing This is a sport that requires good physical condition. His practice in France requires a license FFSA (or UFOLEP in some cases). This license is obtained from a club or sports association. Equipment mandatory driver in France includes: A helmet full (for the competition it must be approved) A combination (for the competition, CIK-FIA) A neck brace (for the competition, approved FFSA) A pair of gloves A pair of boots The coast guard is compulsory for classes Minikart, Minimal and Cadet and highly recommended for all categories. You can practice Relevant Life Policies in France karting at the age of 7 years in initiation-leisure (category Minikart), 8 years for the competition. The equipment required is the same in almost every country, except the neck brace (neck) is rarely required. The categories in France 7
In 2007 international karting categories have been renamed KF1, KF2, KF3, KZ1 and KF4, KZ2. The KF1 , premier class, replaced the FA (Form A). The KF2 category replaced the ICA (Intercontinental A), and the KF3 category ICA-Junior. The KF4 is the category called “core”. All of these categories using new generation engines called “long” of 125 cc liquid-cooled, fitted with starter, clutch and electronic limiter system. Each with its technical specifications on the exhaust, carburetor, air box, electronic cigarette review ceiling rev limiter hcg diet etc … The Super-ICC and ICC (Intercontinental C) categories kart 125 cc gearbox with the technical regulations have been no major changes, respectively, were renamed KZ1 and KZ2 . Categories clutch and starter All categories no gearbox is now equipped with a clutch and an electric starter, with the exception of Minikart with 4-stroke engine has a starter manual string. Minikart For drivers between 7 and 10 years. This class, relaunched in 2004 with a Honda 4-stroke engine of 120 cc of 5.5 hp (replacing Comer 2-stroke 60 cc ), is one of the most promising and dynamic hexagonal karting. The chassis design is unique, designed for the small size of the pilots, and several brands are available on the market. The engine is equipped with a clutch and a starter (with string). Narrow slicks hard compound (Vega cadets), rain tires prohibited. Minimum weight 95 kg with driver. Races or demonstrations, annual Coupe de France. Minimal / Cadet
Cadet Class For drivers between 9 and 12 years in Minimal and 11 and 14 in Cadet. The chassis is a bit more advanced and is equipped with a mechanical brake (cable). The engine is a Parilla Puma 2-stroke air cooled with electric Denver Divorce Attorney starter and clutch developing 13 hp for Minors ( 85 cc ) and 15 hp for the Cadets ( 100 cc ). Carburetor adjusting screws outside. Narrow slick tires hard compound (Bridgestone YDS) rain tires prohibited. Minimum weight 120 kg with driver for the Minims, 130 kg for the Cadets. Race: friendly, regional championships, the championships of France, Trophy de France, Coupe de France, Bridgestone Cup trophy Kartmag prem’s trophy Valence, etc. …. KFS and KFS 100 Young
Starting in Formula FFSA Class launched in 2001 under the auspices of the FFSA Cup and become a brand in 2009 8 (ex-Formula FFSA Formule FFSA and Young) is the formula to promote the most economic in France and more accessible . It is also the only one design formula karting hexagonal, everyone has the same hardware. The races are hotly contested. KFS for young drivers between 13 years (or achieved in the past year) and 21 years, minimum weight 145 kg with driver. Switching to KFS class (formerly Senior) at age 22 or reaches in the past year, minimum weight 155 kg with driver. The chassis is manufactured in France by go-kart, but is also distributed by Sodikart, Alpha, and Nowa-Action Karting Kart, mechanical braking. The engine is a IAME 2-stroke 100 cc air-cooled with electric starter and clutch, developing 20 hp . The carburetor is a Tillotson with two external adjustment screw. Semi-slick tires disks (Vega FF), rain tires prohibited. Race: friendly, regional championships, payday loan Challenges Minarelli IDF and West Trophy or Valence, Endurance 3H JBH, Coupes de France annual, etc … Note: this formula is the only one that can run in competition with a single license for the day. Some dealers offer the ability to drive rental in the race, with or without assistance. KFS 125 Cup brand founded in 2010 by the company go-kart. For drivers from age 15 (or achieved in the past year), minimum weight 155 kg with driver. Created with the same philosophy as his little sister the KFS 100 , the 125 KFS is fully one-design (chassis and engine) in order to limit costs. The chassis is equipped with a hydraulic brake (front brakes allowed). The engine is a IAME 2-stroke 125 cc air-cooled with electric starter and clutch, developing 28 hp . The carburetor is a Tillotson (identical to the KFS 100 ) with two external adjustment screw. Soft semi-slick tires ( Vega KFS ), rain tires allowed ( Vega W5 ). Race: friendly, regional championships, Challenges and Minarelli IDF West Challenge France, Euro-Endurance. National Founded in 2005 , this category has become in 2009 the only form of promotion of FFSA 8 . For drivers from age 13 (or achieved in the past year), minimum weight 150 kg with driver. Economic formula, a notch more expensive and powerful that the KFS series. Standards CIK chassis without front brakes. 2-stroke engine Rotax Max J125 125 cc liquid-cooled with starter and clutch, developing 21.5 hp and limited to 13 500 r / min. It is recognizable by its red head. Dell’Orto carburetor to spray. Semi-hard slick tires (Dunlop SL3), rain tires prohibited. Race: friendly, trophies, championship and regional championships in France. To participate in it, it will have participated in the first two days of qualifying and the regional championship to qualify. Rotax Max
Category X30 Challenge brand launched in the mid-1990s by Sodikart, importer Rotax (a subsidiary of Bombardier). Formula reliable and relatively inexpensive maintenance with its engine type motor with electronic limiter regime 13 500 rev wedding suits / min. This is the category with the most committed in France. There are races for all levels throughout France and around the world. Open to drivers 15 and older. Free chassis (standard CIK) with hydraulic brakes (front brakes allowed). 2-stroke engine Rotax Max Racing 125 cc liquid-cooled with starter and clutch developing 29 hp , preparation prohibited. Dell’Orto carburetor to spray. Slick tires to semi-soft rubber on dry, wet tires allowed (Bridgestone brand as Mojo or challenge). Minimum botox brisbane weight 160 kg with driver. Master class: from 32 years minimum weight of 170 kg with driver. Race: friendly, regional championships, cups and trophies brands, Endurance Championship, Coupe de France FFSA, challenge the European finals. Materials used also in endurance. Challenge X30 Challenge brand open to drivers 15 and older. The frames used are standard FFSA or CIK, with mechanical or hydraulic brakes (front brakes allowed). 2-stroke engine IAME Parilla-X30 to 125 cc liquid-cooled developing 30 hp , starter, clutch and electronic limiter system to 16 000 r / min . Dry X tires AMS gum semi-soft, VEGA W5 rain tires. Minimum weight 160 kg with driver. Class Gentleman : from 32 years minimum weight of 168 kg with driver. Courses: The X30 is not present in all regions, in locksmith the south of France that this category is the most popular. Various challenges, trophies and national finals. Coupe de France FFSA. Materials used in endurance. KF3 Category of high-level drivers from 13 to 15 years. Engine 125 cc 2-stroke by about 28 hp ( 14 000 rev / min ) liquid-cooled, with electric starter and clutch, authorized preparation. Free standard CIK Chassis. Soft compound slick tires on dry and wet tires allowed (Dunlop). Minimum weight 145 kg with driver. Courses: National Championship (FFSA Karting Grand Prix of five events from the 2009 season). International events or series type Monaco Kart Cup, WSK International Series 9 or Winter Cup. European Championship and World Cup. KF2 Category level from 15. Engine 125 cc 2-stroke by about 32 hp (15 000 rev / min) liquid-cooled, with electric starter and clutch, authorized preparation. Free standard CIK Chassis. Soft compound slick tires on dry and wet tires allowed (Dunlop). Minimum weight 160 kg with driver. National Championships, European Championships, World Cup and some regional open events. Weight 158 kg for the WSK International Series 9 , the European Championship, World Cup and all other international races. Super KF and KF1 Premier class of karting at the age of 15. Engine 125 cc 2-stroke by about 35 hp (16 000 rev / min) liquid-cooled, with electric starter and clutch, authorized preparation. Free standard CIK Chassis. Free rubber tires to extra-dry and soft on rain tires permitted. Minimum weight 160 kg with driver. Race: WSK International Series 9 , European Championship, World Championship and World Cup. Categories gearbox Unlike other classes (which take a flying start), the Races in the categories gearbox are “arrested” motor road as cars. Engine start is “the stroller” (no electric start). KZ125 This is the second largest category practiced in France. For drivers from age 15 Chicago Criminal Defense Lawyer (or achieved in the past year). Free chassis (standard CIK) with front brakes. Engine 2-stroke liquid-cooled 125 cc 6-speed clutch developing 40 hp or so. Slick tires on dry and wet tires allowed (Dunlop). Minimum weight 175 kg with driver. Race: friendly, regional championships, France Championship (2010), Trophies … KZ1 and KZ2 Premier class of gearbox karts at the age of 15. Free chassis (standard CIK) with front brakes. Engine 2-stroke liquid-cooled 125 cc 6-speed clutch (in KZ1, the control gear can be manual or electromechanical, only manual KZ2) developing 42 hp or so, authorized preparation. Soft compound slick tires for KZ1, KZ2 and the medium on dry, wet tires allowed. The material is identical in both categories, the minimum weight with driver is 175 kg . Race: KZ1 category includes high-level drivers with a European Championship and World Cup. The KZ2 offers regional and national championships, WSK International Series 9 , and a European Championship and World Cup. Superkart
Superkart Category “apart” of karting, it is played on “long circuit” (more than 1500 m , usually racing tracks). Open to drivers from 18. Free chassis (special construction, standards CIK) with rack and pinion steering free ipad and front brakes, bucket equipped with a headrest. Full body binding, rear spoiler. Twin engine 2-stroke liquid-cooled 250 cc 6-speed clutch developing 90 hp or so. Free six-inch tires (approved CIK / FIA). Minimum weight 215 kg with driver. Courses: National Championships, European Championships. Categories disappeared N100 This category, also known as National 100, was created to upgrade the engines 100 cc Type ICA or FA without clutch or starter (start-up “to the stroller”). The N100 has lived his final season in 2007 following the new regulations to replace the blocks 100 cc with 125 cc with clutches and starters (Series KF ..). Since 2008, this category no longer exists. From 15 years (or achieved in the past year). Free chassis (standard CIK). Free 2-stroke engine 100 cc liquid-cooled by about 30 hp up to 19 000 r / min , preparation allowed. Slick tires on dry and wet tires allowed (Dunlop SL4). Minimum weight 150 kg with driver. PARAKART The PARAKART is a test of karting amateur reserved for disabled people 10 . The first edition was held in Portugal in 2002 with 17 twin-engine karts and modified 24 drivers from nine countries. To date, no other edition of PARAKART have been performed. Circuits
Karting circuits in all respects to resemble race tracks , except for their size. Their length varies from 300 to 1500 meters with a width of 6 to 9 meters. The tracks used casino for large meetings are from 1 Judaica Bat Mitzvah Gifts 000 to 1 500 meters, they allow a series of races from 30 to 45 karts max (three for every 100 m ). Tracks indoor reserved for rental karts, 4-stroke, ranging from Cell Phone Accessories 300 to 700 meters. In France, all circuits must be approved by the prefecture of the department. The lease circuits are often equipped with an electronic timing system, and sometimes a billboard lap times. During competitions, the race director and marshals located at various points of the circuit transfer information to competitors with flags . Data acquisition
Several systems of data acquisition have been developed for karting competition. These electronic systems collect data by means of sensors and allow the pilot to view this information in real time thanks to a display mounted on the steering wheel: rpm, temperature (with configurable alarm), lap (and split times) , fastest lap, number of turns, and sometimes speed or gear ratio (for karts fitted with a gearbox). Most of these systems are able to keep data in memory, allowing to review all the information at the end of each session running, and even download the data on a laptop on which software will be installed to analyze them. The most sophisticated systems can gather more information such as the centrifugal acceleration ( g ), the corporate clothing position of the steering wheel, accelerator pedal or the brake pressure. The length of the engine is kept in memory for its maintenance. Settings
Main article: Settings karting . In karting, as in all motor sports, the quality of performance depends on the proper adjustment of the equipment.
Quebec Formula Ford (Redirected from Formula Ford ) Jump to: navigation , search The Formula Ford is a series of racing well established in Quebec , using car-like wheeled car discoveries. The formula of champions
Several drivers Quebec’s most talented have their school in Formula Ford, Formula 1600 also called. These include Gilles Villeneuve , Alex Tagliani , Patrick Carpentier , Bertrand Godin . Several other drivers from other countries have also made their classes in a series using the same cars as Jenson Button , Nick Heidfeld and Jean-Christophe Boullion … The car
Formula Ford 1600 The engine used in this series is a Ford of 1600 cc . This series is often a springboard for Formula Atlantic or other gauges of competition. Form 1600 has no fins: thus no support, which makes it harder to drive, because it tends to slide during cornering and again during braking. The fact that no fins nor ale makes the fireball much cheaper than if there were, as it is of less material. This makes it the F1600 much more affordable than, auto insurance quotes for example, a Formula Atlantic. Note that there are several cons Container Store in versions built by several manufacturers (include, for example, the manufacturer Quebec CVM, Van Diemen , Mygale , Swift ), and the price can vary from it, because of, among other things, cna certification but sometimes slight differences in many aerodynamic (and aesthetic consecutively). In conclusion, the F1600 is a great car to learn the basics of race driving, and can allow multiple drivers aspiring to become champions of the steering wheel.